According to the Dynamic Model of elementary particles, the hydrogen atom, as a paired proton-electron system, represents by itself the stable wave system of the longitudinal-transversal structure. The wave exchange (interaction) takes place continuously between the longitudinal (spherical) wave field of the proton and transversal (cylindrical) wave field of the orbiting electron (as is described in the paper On the Spectral Terms of H-atom). This exchange has the dynamically equilibrium character and runs at the frequency .
The stable states of the H-atom form, in such an exafrequency wave field, the spectrum of dynamically stationary states defined by characteristic values of arguments of Bessel functions:
, where ,
and generate the Background Spectrum of Zero Level Radiation
(both spectra are described in details in the book Atomic Structure of Matter-Space, 2001), where , , are Bessel functions; zr,s, zp,m, are zeros of Bessel functions; the subscripts p, q, r indicate the order of Bessel functions and m, n, s - the number of the root. The last defines the number of the radial shell. Zeros of Bessel functions define the radial shells with zero values of radial displacements (oscillations), i.e., shells of stationary states. The quantity is the constant equal to the oscillation amplitude at the sphere of the wave radius (mp is the proton mass; r0 is the Bohr radius; h is the Planck constant, R is the Rydberg constant).
An estimation of perturbation of the most probable stationary state (n = 1) leads to the following result. The zero of the second kinetic shell is ; hence, at and , we arrive at
This wavelength is within the extremum of the spectral density of black-body radiation of the absolute temperature
where is the fundamental period-quantum. The temperature obtained practically coincides with the temperature of "relict" background measured by NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) to four significant digits ().
The existence of the zero level radiation of H-atoms questions the Big Bang hypothesis of the origin of the Universe (in support of the conclusion made, e.g., by A.K.T. Assis and M.C.D. Neves in their work of 1995) and quantum mechanical probabilistic atomic model, which excludes an electron's orbital motion along a trajectory as a matter of principle.