On the Boltzmann and Avogadro Constants, and the Temperature

G. P. Shpenkov

Academy of Computer Science and Management,
Legionow 81, 43-300 Bielsko-Biała, Poland


March 24, 2008


A new insight into the notion of temperature, originated from the shell-nodal atomic model and the dynamic model of elementary particles, is considered in this paper. We show that a quantum of average energy of a nucleon at the level of the so-called meson frequency w0 is close, in value, to the Boltzmann constant kB. The number of such quanta defines the relative potential-kinetic nucleon energy of a system, equal in value to the absolute temperature. It means that the temperature, as the potential-kinetic energy, according to the revealed peculiarity, is the alternating wave magnitude and is negative for the relative potential energy and positive for the relative kinetic energy. The Boltzmann and Avogadro constants are expressed in new basis through the basic physical constants. Accordingly, we can regard the constants of the resulting values as fundamental.

PACS numbers: 03.40.Kf, 03.65.Ge, 11.90.+t, 12.10.-g, 12.90.+b, 14.20.Dh, 14.40.-n, 21.10.Dr, 21.60.-n, 32.10.-f, 44.90.+c

Key words: Absolute temperature, Negative temperature, Associated mass, Exchange charge, Boltzmann constant, Avogadro constant, Atomic structure, Elementary particles, Heat transfer

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